estevanico

The Estevanico Society: New Research

16th Century Bibliography on Estevanico.

1. Travel from Florida to Mexico with Cabeza de Vaca (1528 - 1536)

Cabeza De Vaca, Alvar Nunez (1490 - 1557?)
" Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca y Relacion de la Jornada que hizo a la Florida con el Adelantado Panfilo de Narvaez"

English translations:
Covey, Cyclone
" Cabeza de Vaca's Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America ", 1961. Reprint by University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1983.

Favata, Martin A. and Fernandez, Jose B.
" Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nunez. The Account: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca's Relacion ". Arte Publico Press, Houston, 1993.

French translation:
Ternaux-Compans, Henri
in " Voyages, relations et memoires originaux pour servir - l'histoire de la decouverte de l'Amerique, publies pour la premiere fois en francais ", Arthus Bertrand, Paris, 1837-41, 21 volumes. Reprint by Mercure de France, Paris, 1980, under the title: " Relation et commentaires du gouverneur Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca sur les deux expeditions qu'il fit aux Indes "

 

2. Travel to Cibola with Fray Marcos de Niza (March to August 1539)

Fray Marcos de Niza (1495 - 1558)
" Relacion del viaje a Cibola, reino de las siete ciudades "
This manuscript is found in two copies at the " Archivo general de las Indias " in Sevilla, Spain, and one in " Haus, Hof und Staatsarchivs " in Wien, Austria. A Spanish transcription can be found in Pacheco's 3rd of 42 volumes of his "Coleccicn de documentos ineditos relativos al descubrimiento, conquista y organizacicn de las antiguas posesiones espanolas de America y Oceania ", Madrid, 1864 - 1884, or in the 1987 commemorative edition of Cleve Hallenbeck's " Journey of Fray Marcos de Niza ", Southern Methodist University Press.

English translations:

Hakluyt, Richard (1552 - ?)
" A relation of the Rev. Father Marcus de Niza touching his discovery of the Kingdom of Cevola or Civola situated about 30o of lat. to the north of New-Spain ", in the 3rd volume of his " Divers voyages touching the discovery of America and the islands adjacents, collected and published by Richard Hakluyt in the year 1582". Ed. Hakluyt Society, 1850, reprint of original edition.

Hallenbeck, Cleve
"The Journey of Fray Marcos de Niza ", Dallas University Press, 1949. Commemorative reprint by Southern Methodist University Press, Dallas, 1987.

French translations:

Nallino, Michel
Unpublished, see CIBOLA.PDF, Nice, 1997.

Ternaux-Compans, Henri
in " Voyages, relations et memoires originaux... ", volume 9.

This relation includes:

 

Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de (1510 - 1554)
Two letters to Mendoza, one written in Culiacan on March, the 8th 1539, which relates the preparation of the expedition to Cibola and the expedition to Topira; the second, written from Hawikuh (Zuni) on April, the 22nd 1540, which confirms and explains the reasons for Estevanico's death. Both those letters are lost, and known only by an Italian translation by Giovanbattista Ramusio, included in his 1556 edition of " Navigazzioni e viaggi ", 3rd volume.

English translations (second letter only):

Hammond, George Peter and Rey, Agapito
" Narratives of the Coronado's Expedition ", Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 1940. Coronado Cuarto Centennial Publications, 1977.

 

Winship, Georges Parker
" The Journey of Coronado " in Fourteenth Annual Report of the United States Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, 1896. Reprints: Original Narratives of Early American History, 1907. Grabhorn Press, San Francisco, 1933. Fulcrum Series in American History, 1990. Dover Books on Travel, Adventure, Mineola, 1990.

French translations:

Nallino, Michel (partially)
Unpublished, see CIBOLA.PDF, Nice, 1997.


Mendoza, Antonio Hurtado de

Two letters from Don Antonio de Mendoza to the Emperor Charles V. The first, written from Mexico on October 1539, relates the preparation of the travel to Cibola and has been used to accompany the relation of Fray Marcos de Niza, sent by Mendoza to Charles V. The original is lost, and this letter is known only from Italian translation by Ramusio (same as Coronado's letters). The second letter, written from Jacona on April, the 17th 1540 explains what has been found by Melchior Diaz, sent by Mendoza to verify Niza's relation. More details are given to the reasons for Estevanico's death. This letter is known from Pacheco's " Colleccion de documentos... "

English translations (second letter only):

Hammond, George Peter and Rey, Agapito
" Narratives of the Coronado's Expedition ".

Winship, Georges Parker
" The Journey of Coronado ".

French translations:

Nallino, Michel
Unpublished, CIBOLA.PDF, Nice, 1997.

 

Castaneda de Najera, Pedro de
" Relacicn de la jornada de Cibola compuesta por Pedro Castaneda de Najera donde se trata de todos aquellos poblados y ritos, y costumbres, la cual fue el ano 1540 ".

The original manuscript is lost. One copy, made in Sevilla in 1596, can be found in the Lenox Libray, public found, New York. In this relation of Coronado's expedition, Castaneda shows Estevanico as an avaricious and ambitious man.

English translations:

Hammond, George Peter and Rey, Agapito
" Narratives of the Coronado's Expedition ".

Winship, Georges Parker
" The Journey of Coronado ".

French translation:

Nallino, Michel (partially)
Unpublished, CIBOLA.PDF, Nice, 1997.

Ternaux-Compans, Henri
in " Voyages, relations et memoires originaux... ", volume 9.

The file CIBOLA.PDF contains the French translations of all the 16th century documents related to the discovery of New Mexico by Fray Marcos de Niza and Estevanico. It is written in Adobe Portable Display File format and needs Acrobat Reader in order to be read. Acrobat Reader, in the suitable version (PC, MacIntosh, UNIX systems . . .), can be downloaded freely from Adobe site at http://www.adobe.com/acrobat/

Keywords:

History, 16th century, Spanish conquest, Mexico, New Mexico, Franciscans, Marcos de Niza, Marc de Nice, Zunis, Acoma, Cibola, Marata, Totonteac, Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, Pedro de Castaneda de Najera, Antonio de Ciudad-Rodrigo, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Hernando Cortes, Esteban de Dorantes, Estevanico, Estebanico, Antonio de Mendoza.

All rights of diffusion, translation, adaptation reserved. Copyright Michel Nallino 1997.
The diffusion of this document is restricted to non profit research only. nallino@tms.thomson.fr


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